Nubia, the precious land consists of many islands in the Nile like: Seheil, Heissa. Nubian families inhabit these islands. However most of these families had to leave their home islands to new places after the Nasser Dam was built and the water flooded their homes.
- 7000 BC : Early Neolithic settlements have been found in the central Nubian region dating back to this date, with Wadi Halfa believed to be the oldest settlement in the central Nile valley.
- Parts of Nubia, particularly Lower Nubia, were at times a part of ancient Egypt and at other times a rival state representing parts of Meroë or the Kingdom of Kush.
- By the Twenty-fifth Dynasty (744 BC–656 BC): all of Egypt was united with Nubia, extending down to what is now Khartoum.
- However, in 656 BC the native Twenty-sixth Dynasty regained control of Egypt. As warriors, the ancient Nubians were famous for their skill and precision with the bow and arrow.
- Descendants of the ancient Nubians still inhabit the general area of what was ancient Nubia.
- They currently live in what is called Old Nubia, mainly located in modern Egypt and Sudan.
- Nubians have been resettled in large numbers (an estimated 50,000 people) away from Wadi Halfa North Sudan in to Khashm el Girba - Sudan and some moved to Southern Egypt since the 1960s, when the Aswan High Dam was built on the Nile, flooding ancestral lands. Some resettled Nubians continue working as farmers (sharecroppers) on resettlement farms whose landowners live elsewhere, most work in Egyptian and Sudanese cities.
- In the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, Egypt employed Nubian people as code talkers.
Regarding the Nubian houses, the ancient Nubian huts were small and “considered of modest, rectangular two-room units, part for sleeping and part for storing dried food in tall mud jars””. Adding “then it is incorporated into newer, larger structures, in which a central court had been added and enclosed by other larger rooms. The courtyards were an additional feature as a response to changes in cultural and religious beliefs